Offensive cyber operations

1. Includes all U.S. Government programs and activities that, through the use of cyberspace: (1) actively gather information from computers, information systems or networks, or (2) manipulate, disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy targeted adversary computers, information systems, or networks. (NSPD-38).

Source: Terms & Definitions of Interest for DoD Counterintelligence Professionals, Office of the National Counterintelligence,

2. Cyberspace operations intended to project power by the application of force in or through cyberspace.

Source: U.S. Cyberspace Solarium Commission, March 2020,