Offensive cyber operations
1. Includes all U.S. Government programs and activities that, through the use of cyberspace: (1) actively gather information from computers, information systems or networks, or (2) manipulate, disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy targeted adversary computers, information systems, or networks. (NSPD-38).
Source: Terms & Definitions of Interest for DoD Counterintelligence Professionals, Office of the National Counterintelligence, https://www.dni.gov/files/NCSC/documents/ci/CI_Glossary.pdf
2. Cyberspace operations intended to project power by the application of force in or through cyberspace.
Source: U.S. Cyberspace Solarium Commission, March 2020, https://subscriber.politicopro.com/f/?id=00000170-c638-d8f7-a7f1-f63b33510000