1. Process of resolving flagged cast ballots to reflect voter intent. Common reasons for flagging include: write-ins, overvotes, marginal machine-readable mark, having no contest selections marked on the entire ballot, or the ballot being unreadable by a scanner.

Source: Election Terminology Glossary - Draft, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),

2. A process for determining whether a ballot has been marked in an acceptable manner and for whom the ballot has been marked.

Source: Independent Panel on Internet Voting British Columbia,